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1923 January


January 1st
In 1923, a confederation of Russia, Byelorussia, Ukraine and Transcaucasia was established; the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics came into effect the following July.
January 2nd
In 1922, Stalin takes part in the proceedings of the commission appointed by the Commissariat for the Affairs of Nationalities to examine the question of forming a Buryat-Mongolian ASSR.
January 9th
In 1923, President Harding withdraws the last U.S. troops stationed in Germany after World War I.
January 10th
In 1922, The Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR elects J. V. Stalin to the commission appointed to draw up a plan of organization of the People's Commissariats of the USSR.
January 11th
In 1923, France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr Jan. 11 after Germany defaulted on coal reparations payments; Hitler's "beer hall putsch Nov. 8 failed to overthrow the Bavarian government and Hitler was sentenced to 5 years in prison (served 1 year) and wrote Mein Kampf.
January 22nd
In 1922, Stalin delivers a lecture at the Sverdlov Communist University on "The Party's Strategy and Tactics."

1923 February


February 4th
In 1923, Stalin submits to the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) a proposal that a second chamber be formed in the Central Executive Committee of Ihe USSR, to be an organ representing the interests of all the peoples of the USSR.
February 8th
In 1923, Coal mine ex plosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120.
February 21-24th
In 1923, Stalin takes part in the work of the Plenum of the Central Commit tee of the RCP(B).
February 21st
In 1923, A plenary session of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) discusses J. V. Stalin's draft theses on the national question for the Twelfth Party Congress. A commission headed by J. V. Stalin is appointed to make the final draft of the theses.
The Plenum of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) elects J. V. Stalin to the commission to make the final draft of the Central Committee's theses on the organisational question for the Twelfth Party Congress.
February 24th
In 1923, The Plenum of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) appoints a commission, beaded by J. V. Stalin, to direct the drafting of the Constitution of the USSR.

1923 March


March 11-12th
In 1923, On the instructions of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP(B),
J. V. Stalin telegraphs all the Gubernia Committees, Regional Committees, Central Committees of national Communist Parties and members of the Central Committee informing them of the state of health of V. I. Lenin.
March 14th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin's article "Concerning the Question of the Strategy and Tactics of the Russian Communists" is published in Pravda, No. 56, which is devoted to the twenty-fifth anniversary of the RCP(B).
March 22nd
In 1923, Stalin submits to the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) theses on the national question for the Twelfth Party Congress. The Political Bureau decides to publish them as theses approved by the Central Committee of the RCP(B).
March 24th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin's theses "National Factors in Party and State Affairs" are published in Pravda, No. 65.

1923 April


April 3rd
In 1923, The Tenth Moscow Gubernia Party Conference elects J. V. Stalin as a delegate to the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B).
April 10th
In 1923, Hitler speaks on "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin. What a jerk!
April 17-25th
In 1923, Stalin takes part in the work of the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B).
April 17th
In 1923, The Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B) elects J. V. Stalin to its presidium.
J. V. Stalin delivers the Central Committee's organizational report at the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B).
April 19th
In 1923, Stalin replies to the discussion at the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B) on the Central Committee's organizational report.
April 23rd
In 1923, Stalin reports at the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B) on "National Factors in Party and State Affairs."
April 24th
In 1923, The Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B) elects J. V. Stalin to the Central Committee of the Party.
April 25th
In 1923, Stalin directs the work of the committee on the national question of the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B) and speaks in that committee on questions connected with the Constitution of the USSR.
Stalin replies to the discussion at the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B) on the report on "National Factors in Party and State Affairs."
April 26th
In 1923, A. plenary session of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) elects J. V. Stalin a member of the Political Bureau and of the Organizational Bureau and a representative on the Central Control Commission, and appoints him General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Party.

1923 May


May 6th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin's article "The Press as a Collective Organizer" is published in Pravda, No. 99.
May 10th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin's article "Confusion Worse Confounded..." is published in Pravda, No. 102.
May 24th
In 1923, The Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP() appoints J. V. Stalin a representative of the RSFSR on the enlarged commission of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR for drafting the Constitution of the USSR.
May-June
In 1923, Stalin takes part in the work of the enlarged commission of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR for drafting the Constitution.

1923 June


June 1st
In 1923, Stalin makes a statement at a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) on the preparations for the Fourth Conference of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) With Responsible Workers of the National Republics and Regions. The Political Bureau endorses the draft platform on the national question proposed by J. V. Stalin.
June 9-12th
In 1923, Stalin directs the work of the Fourth Conference of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) With Responsible Workers of the National Republics and Regions.
June 10th
In 1923, At the Fourth Conference of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) With Responsible Workers of the National Republics and Regions, J. V. Stalin delivers a speech on the "Right" and "Lefts" in the national republics and regions, and a report on the practical measures for implementing the resolution on the national question adopted by the Twelfth Congress of the RCP(B).
June 13th
In 1923, Stalin replies to the discussion on report to the Fourth Conference of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) With Responsible Workers of the National Republics and Regions.
June 14th
In 1923, At a meeting of the enlarged commission of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR for drafting the Constitution of the USSR, J. V. Stalin speaks on the principle of common citizenship throughout the USSR.
June 22-23rd
In 1923, Stalin takes part in the work of the Plenum of the Central Control Commission of the RCP(B).
June 26th
In 1923, Stalin delivers a report on the Constitution of the USSR to the Plenum of the Central Committee of the RCP(B,).

1923 July


July 6th
In 1923, U.S.S.R. born, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.
July 8th
In 1923, Pravda No. 151, publishes the appeal of the Central Committee of the RCP(B), signed by J. V. Stalin, requesting that all notes, letters, memoranda and other documents written by V. I. Lenin be sent to the Lenin Institute that is being organized in Moscow.
July 10th
In 1923, 2-pound hailstones kill 23 & many cattle (Rostov, Russia).
July 14th
In 1923, Pravda, No. 156, publishes the appeal "To All Peoples and Governments of the World." signed by J. V. Stalin and the other members of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee, issued in connection with the ratification of the Constitution of the USSR by the C.E.C.
July 24th
In 1923, the Treaty of Lausanne, which settled the boundaries of modern Turkey, was concluded in Switzerland. The Treaty of Lausanne was signed between Turkey and the allied powers. Turkey gave up all claim s to non-Turkish territories lost in the First World War.

1923 August

1923 September


September 1st
In 1923, a third of Tokyo and most of Yokohama, Japan, were devastated by an earthquake that claimed some 150,000 lives.
September 23-25th
In 1923, Stalin directs the work of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the RCP(B).
September 28th
In 1923, Ethiopia admitted to League of Nations, but most of Africa remained dominated by colonial powers as class B mandates: Britain controlled Egypt and South Africa and the former German colonies in East Africa; Belgium ruled the Congo; France ruled Algiers; Spain and France partitioned Morocco; Italy ruled Libya.

1923 October


October 19th
In 1923, The War Resisters League is founded, advocating peace and nonviolence.
October 25-27th
In 1923, Stalin directs the work of the joint Plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission of the RCP(B), held in conjunction with representatives of ten Party organizations.
October 29th
In 1923, The Ottoman Empire was replaced by the new Republic of Turkey led by President Mustapha Kemal.

1923 November


November 7th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin's article "The October Revolution and the Question of the Middle Strata" is published in Pravda, No. 253.
November 8th
In 1923, Adolf Hitler launched his first attempt at seizing power in Germany with a failed coup in Munich that came to be known as the "Beer-Hall Putsch." In jail, writes "Mein Kampf."
November 9th
In 1923, Hitler-Putsch in Munchen.
=Hitler with Ernst Roehm who had formed the paramilitary SA brownshirts in the Nazi Party, sought to take over the Bavaria government in the Beer Hall Putsch of Nov. 8-9, but failed and Hitler served 9 months in prison where he wrote Mein Kampf ("My Struggle" dictated to Rudolph Hess) that emphasized antisemitism and the expansion of German living space.
November 10th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin writes the article "The Fifth Anniversary of the First Congress of Working Women and Peasant Women," published in the magazine Kommunistka (Woman Communist), No. 11, November 1923.
November 17th
In 1923, Stalin delivers a speech at a meeting at the Military Academy, held to celebrate the fourth anniversary of the Cavalry Army.

1923 December


December 2nd
In 1923, J. V. Stalin delivers a report on "The Party's Tasks" at an enlarged meeting of the Krasnaya Presnya District Committee of the RCP(B).
Before December 5th
In 1923, Stalin takes part in the work of the subcommission of the Central Committee of the RCP(B) for drafting the resolution on Party affairs. The resolution was adopted at a joint session of the Political Bureau of the RCP(B) and the Presidium of the Central Control Commission on December 5, and published in Pravda, No. 278, December 7.
December 16th
In 1923, Pravda, No. 285, publishes J. V. Stalin's article "The Discussion, Rafail, the Articles by Preobrazhensky and Sapronov and Trotsky's Letter," and the statement of the Central Committee of the RCP(B), signed by J. V. Stalin, to all the organisations of the RCP(B) concerning the discussion on the internal situation in the Party.
December 28th
In 1923, J. V. Stalin's article "A Necessary Comment (Concerning Rafail)" is published in Pravda, No. 294.


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