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1937 January


January 23th
In 1937, 17 people, including Karl Radek, went on trial in Moscow during Josef Stalin's "Great Purge."

1937 February

1937 March


March 9th
In 1937, Earthquake Anna strikes Shelby County, the most severe in Ohio's history.
March 18th
In 1937, more than 400 people, mostly children, were killed in a gas explosion at a school in New London, Texas.

1937 April


April 26th
In 1937, planes from Nazi Germany raided the basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War.
April 30th
In 1937, General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth.

1937 May


May 6th
In 1937, the hydrogen-filled German dirigible Hindenburg burned and crashed in Lakehurst, N.J., killing 36 of the 97 people on board; the first coast-to-coast radio program was conducted by Herbert Morrison, reporting the disaster.
May 30th
In 1937, ten people were killed when police fired on steelworkers demonstrating near the Republic Steel plant in South Chicago.

1937 June


June 12th
In 1937, the Soviet Union executed eight army leaders as a purge under Josef Stalin continued.

1937 July


July 5th
In 1937, 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record).
July 7th
In 1937, Japanese & Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), becomes WW II.
In 1937, Marco Polo Bridge incident near Peiping sets off Sino-Japanese War.
July 15th
In 1937, Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China.

1937 August


August 26th
In 1937, Franco's troops conquer Santander.

1937 September

1937 October

1937 November


November 5th
In 1937, Hitler informs his military leader of his intentions of going to war.

1937 December


December 12th
In 1937, Japenese aircraft sank the U.S. gunboat "Panay" on China's Yangtze River. (Japan apologized for the attack, and paid $2.2 million in reparations.).
= Japanese planes sink United States gunboat Panay in Yangtze River.
December 13th
In 1937, Japanese sack Nanking.


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