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1939 January

January 2nd
In 1939, Time magazine named chancellor Adolf Hitler its "Man of the Year." What? They couldn't pick Clark Gable or The Wizard Of Oz?
January 24th
In 1939, Chile: earthquake razed 50,000 sq mi.; about 30,000 killed in Concepcion.
In 1939, Northern Turkey: severe quakes destroyed city of Erzingan; about 100,000 casualties.
January 25th
In 1939, Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed.
January 30th
In 1939, Adolf Hitler called for the extermination of European Jews. What a fink!
In 1939, Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile.

1939 February

1939 March

March 14th
In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation.
March 15th
In 1939, Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independ.
= Hitler arrived in Prague and completed the occupation of the German-speaking regions (Bohemia, Moravia) of Czechoslovakia.
March 23rd
In 1939, Hitler occupied Memelland (NE Prussia ceded to Lithuania) & demanded Danzig.
March 28th
In 1939, the Spanish Civil War ended as Madrid fell to the forces of Generalissimo Francisco Franco, who was not dead at the time.
= Insurgent forces complete conquest of Spain.

1939 April

April 6th
In 1939, Great Britain & Poland sign military pact.
April 7th
In 1939, Mussolini invades Albania.
April 8th
In 1939, Italy invaded and occupied Albania, driving King Zog into exile in Greece.
April 28th
In 1939, Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect.
In 1939, "Confessions of a Nazi Spy" starring Edward G. Robinson opened at the Strand.

1939 May

May 5th
In 1939, Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky.
May 7th
In 1939, Germany and Italy announced a military and political alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis.
May 19th
In 1939, Churchill signs British-Russian anti-nazi pact.
May 22nd
In 1939, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini signed a "Pact of Steel" committing Germany and Italy to a military alliance.

1939 June

June 1st
In 1939, Submarine Thetis: sank in Liverpool Bay, England; 99 perished.
Finland army

1939 July

July 3rd
In 1939, Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800-kph rocket plane to Hitler.

1939 August

August 19th
In 1939, In a secret speech to the Politburo, Stalin revealed his plan to wage war on Europe and Germany to Sovietize all Europe to the Channel.
August 19th
In 1939, 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record).
August 22nd
In 1939, Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion.
August 23rd
In 1939, Soviet Union & Nazi Germany sign a non-agression pact Molotov-Ribbentrop-pact (Soviet Union neutral/Poland divided).
= German Foreign Minister Ribbentrop arrived to join Stalin and Molotov in signing the final version of the Nazi-Soviet Treaty of Nonaggression, including the secret protocols dividing control of territory in Europe, that emerged from diplomatic discussions since April 17, 1939.
August 24th
In 1939, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a 10-year nonaggression pact.

1939 September

September 1st
In 1939, Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill.
In 1939, Switzerland proclaims its neutrality which it is able to maintain throughout World War II.
In 1939, World War II began as Nazi Germany invaded Poland and took Danzig. Great Britain and France declared war against Germany two days later.
September 3rd
In 1939, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland, Britain declared war on Germany. France followed 6 hours later, and was quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada.
September 4th
In 1939, German submarine U-30 sinks British passenger ship Athenia.
In 1939, Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality.
September 5th
In 1939, the United States proclaimed its neutrality in World War II.
September 6th
In 1939, South Africa declared war on nazi-Germany.
September 10th
In 1939, Canada declared war on Germany at the outset of World War II.
September 11th
In 1939, Iraq & Saudi Arabia declare war on nazi-Germany.
September 17th
In 1939, the Soviet Union invaded Poland, more than two weeks after Nazi Germany launched its assault.
= Soviet Union forces invade Poland.
September 25th
In 1939, Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra, so Andorra & Germany finally sign an official treaty ending WW I.
September 27th
In 1939, Warsaw, Poland, surrendered to Germans after 19 days of resistance to invading forces from Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II.
= Warsaw capitulates.
September 28th
In 1939, Soviet-German treaty agree on fourth partition of Poland (WW II) & gives Lithuania to USSR, last Polish troops surrender.
In 1939, during World War II, Germany and the Soviet Union agreed on a plan to partition Poland.
September 30th
In 1939, 41 U-boats sunk this month (153,000 ton).
In 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a treaty of amity settling the partition of Poland in World War II; Britain sent a 150,000-man force to France during World War II.

Europe war Finland army

1939 October

October 1st
In 1939, Winston Chruchill refers to Soviet policy as "a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma".
October 6th
In 1939, in an address to the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler denied having any intention of war against France and Britain, and said he would agree to peace with the two nations.
In 1939, Last organized Polish resistance is broken at Kock.
October 14th
In 1939, German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed.
In 1939, Sugar rationed in Netherlands.
October 30th
In 1939, German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard.
In 1939, USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports the Jews.
October 31st
In 1939, 27 U boats sunk this month (135,000 ton).
Europe war
Finland army

1939 November

November 8th
In 1939, Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich.
November 16th
In 1939, German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland.
November 30th
In 1939, 21 U boats sunk this month (52,000 ton).
In 1939, the Russo-Finnish War began as Soviet troops invaded Finland over a border dispute.
= Soviet Union forces invade Finland.

Europe war
Finland army

1939 December

December 14th
In 1939, the Soviet Union was dropped from the League of Nations.
December 17th
In 1939, the German pocket battleship Graf Spee was scuttled by its crew, ending the World War II Battle of the River Plate off Uruguay.
December 19th
In 1939, Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa.
December 22nd
In 1939, near Magdeburg, Germany: more than 125 killed in collision; 99 killed in another wreck near Friedrichshafen.
December 27th
In 1939, Between 20,000 & 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake (Erzincam Turkey).
December 31st
In 1939, 25 U boats sunk this month (81,000 ton).
Europe war
Russia army in Finland
Finland army

History - World War - months