In 1943, German troops in Caucasus area begin withdrawing northward through Rostov.
In 1943, Soviet dictator Josef Stalin appeared on the cover of Time as the magazine's 1942 Man of the Year.
In 1943, Paulus' 6th Army refuses the Russian demand to surrender.
In 1943, Russians begin attack against Stalingrad pocket.
In 1943, Soviets begin offensive against Germans in Stalingrad.
In 1943, Russians attempt to raise siege of Leningrad.
In 1943, Hitler declares "Total War".
In 1943, US infantry captures Galloping Horse-Hill Guadalcanal.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill began ten days of meetings in a wartime conference in Casablanca to discuss strategy for World War II.
In 1943, work was completed on the Pentagon, headqu arters of the United States Department of Defense. The Pentagon, located just outside Washington, D.C. in Arlington, VA, was built in 16 months at a cost of $83 million. 1,000 workers complete the air conditioning system for the Pentagon.
In 1943, Berlin is raided by Royal Air Force for the first time since Nov. 7, 1941.
In 1943, It's Tin Can Drive Day -- an effort to conserve for the war.
In 1943, a wartime ban on the sale of pre-sliced bread in the United States -- aimed at reducing bakeries' demand for metal replacement parts -- went into effect.
In 1943, during World War II, the Soviets announced they'd broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad.
= Russians reopen land communications with Leningrad.
In 1943, Germans open limited offensive in Tunisia.
In 1943, Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto begin resistance of Nazis.
In 1943, Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily.
In 1943, Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport in Stalingrad.
In 1943, Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th.
In 1943, Temperature rises 49 degrees F in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD. (****)
In 1943, 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, Calif (state record).
In 1943, 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record).
In 1943, British Eighth Army occupies Tripoli.
In 1943, Germans break off Tunisian offensive.
In 1943, Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill concluded a wartime conf erence in Casablanca, Morrocco.
In 1943, the first all-American air raid against Germany during World War II took place as some 50 bombers struck Wilhelmshaven.
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force bombs Wilhelmshaven in its first attack on Germany.
In 1943, the Japanese-American, all-volunteer "Go For Broke" Army unit, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, is organized.
In 1943, Hitler promotes Paulus to Field Marshal in hopes of stiffening his resolve to fight on. He fails.
In 1943, 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton).
In 1943, Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad.
= Paulus surrenders the remnants of the 6th Army. 100,000 are already casualties, 110,000 march into captivity. It is the greatest Russian victory of the war, and the tide now turns.
In 1943, one of America's most highly decorated military units of World War II, the 442d Regimental Combat Team, made up almost entirely of Japanese-Americans, was authorized.
In 1943, Last elements of German Sixth Army surrender at Stalingrad; Russian spearheads push energetically toward Rostov, Kharkov and Kursk.
In 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.
In 1943, Liquor is banned from all U.S. Army establishments.
In 1943, during World War II, the U.S. transport ship Dorchester sank after being hit by a torpedo. Four Army chaplains gave their life belts to four other men, and went down with the ship.
In 1943, British Eighth Army crosses into Tunisia from Libya.
In 1943, a Los Angeles jury acquitted actor Errol Flynn of three counts of statutory rape.
In 1943, The Red Army reaches the Sea of Azov, cutting off German Army Group A.
In 1943, Russians capture Kursk.
In 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry.
In 1943, the World War II battle of Guadalcanal in the southwest Pacific ended with a U.S. victory over Japanese forces, who were forced to evacuate.
In 1943, eighth Army sweeps thr ough North Africa to Tunisia.
In 1943, the Women's Marine Corps was created.
In 1943, German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia.
In 1943, Germans launch spoiling offensive against United States 2d Corps in Tunisia.
In 1943, Russians capture Rostov.
In 1943, Russians capture Kharkov.
In 1943, Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22.
In 1943, -32 degrees F (-36 degrees C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record).
In 1943, German tank battle under Brig-Gen Buelowius in Tunisia.
In 1943, New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico).
In 1943, Rommel breaks through Kasserine Pass in Tunisia.
In 1943, Germans launch counteroffensive toward Kharkov.
In 1943, Rommel begins to withdraw through Kasserine Pass. Manstein's counteroffensive began from south.
In 1943, German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia.
In 1943, U.S. troops reoccupied the Kasserine Pass.
In 1943, 63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month.
In 1943, the World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea began as American and Australian warplanes intercepted a Japanese convoy that was enroute to Lae, New Guinea. Most of the 16-vessel convoy was destroyed and 3,000 men killed.
In 1943, Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die.
In 1943, U.S. won the Battle of Bismark Sea over Japan.
In 1943, the 3-day Battle of the Bismarch Sea ends as a major U.S. victory in the Pacific, sinking a convoy of 22 Japanese ships.
In 1943, RAF bombs Essen Germany.
In 1943, Battle at Medenine, North-Africa: Rommels assault attack .
In 1943, Rommel is repulsed in attack on British Eighth Army near Medenine.
In 1943, Gen-major Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia.
In 1943, 335 alli ed bombers attack Neurenberg.
In 1943, Russians capture Vyazma.
In 1943, Soviet troops liberate Wjasma.
In 1943, Hitler escapes an assignation attempt when a parcel bomb on the planes he is flying in fails to detonate.
In 1943, Germans complete recapture of Kharkov.
In 1943, Allied reconnaissance flight over Java.
In 1943, (thru the 20th), Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats.
In 1943, Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks.
In 1943, United States 2d Corps begins offensive in Tunisia.
In 1943, Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks.
In 1943, British Eighth Army attacks Mareth Line.
In 1943, German U-384 bombed & sinks.
In 1943, Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
In 1943, British eighth army opens assault on Marethlinie, Tunisia.
In 1943, the U.S.S. Cod, the Gato-class submarine now on display in Cleveland, is launched at Groton, Conn. (The sub was on patrol in the Pacific by October 1943.).
In 1943, German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia.
In 1943, Elsie S. Ott is the first woman awarded the U.S. Air Force Medal at Bowman Field, Kentucky.
In 1943, Enveloping attack by British Eighth Army forces Germans to evacuate Mareth Line and retire northward.
In 1943, meat, butter & cheese were rationed in U.S. during WW II.
In 1943, U S errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326.
The Russians press forward on all fronts. However, they find offensive maneuvers much more difficult to support than defensive. Their supply line now increase, rather than decrease in length, hampering operations.
In 1943, Allies bombs Mortsel.
In 1943, The British and the U.S. arm ies link up after Rommel's retreat in North Africa.
In 1943, British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia.
In 1943, Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid.
In 1943, 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed).
In 1943, tens of thousands of Jews living in the Warsaw ghetto began a futile but valiant battle against Nazi occupation forces. Although the Nazis were initially surprised, they were able to crush the resistance in a month.
In 1943, German counter attack in North-Tunisia.
In 1943, the RAF shot down 14 German transport planes over the Mediterranean Sea.
In 1943, British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta.
In 1943, British-United States staff is established in England under Lt. Gen. Sir Frederick E. Morgan to plan invasion of northwestern Europe.
As Guderian gathers Panzer forces behind the lines for an offensive, Germany's high command debates how to proceed. Manstein argues for a "backhand" attack that would allow the Red Army to press forward into the Donetz Basin. He wanted to let them put their head in a noose" so he could deliver the decisive counter blow on their flank. Hitler squashed this plan as too politically risky (he didn't want to give that much ground.)
In 1943, Final Allied offensive opens in Tunisia.
In 1943, Bizerte, Tunisia, is captured by American troops; the British take Tunis.In 1945, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters in Rheims, France, that was to take effect the following day, ending the European stage of World War II.
In 1943, during World War II, American forces landed on Japanese-held Attu island in the Aleutians. (The territory was retaken in three weeks.)
In 1943, Axis forces in North Africa surrendered to the Allies during World War II.
In 1943, German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa; the desert war in North Africa ends.
In 1943, German occupiers confiscate all radios.
In 1943, Last Axis forces surrender in Tunisia.
In 1943, Halifax bombers sinks U-463.
In 1943, Bomb dropped on Mohne & Eder dams in Ruhr Germany[dup].
In 1943, resistance in the Jewish Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting.
In 1943, Royal Air Force raid breaches Mohne and Eder dams, flooding portions of the Ruhr.
In 1943, Air offensive begins against Pantelleria Island to clear way for invasion of Sicily.
In 1943, in an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country's full support in the war against Japan.
In 1943, the first operatio nal jet fighter was tested as a test flight of the German Me262 flew on this date as the only operational jet during WWII.
In 1943, Admiral Donitz stops U- boat in Atlantic Ocean.
In 1943, U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje.
In 1943, American forces secured the Aleutian island of Attu from the Japanese during World War II.
Hitler decides on an offensive at the Kursk salient (i.e. a bulge in the front line.) He gathers nearly all his remaining Panzer strength for a decisive attack. However, against Manstein's advise, he decides to postpone the attack until July when the new Panther tank will be available. The delay allows the Red Army to create successive line of anti-tank defenses in front of Kursk.
In 1943, a civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all those aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.
In 1943, Pantelleria surrenders unconditionally.
In 1943, With occupation of Lampione in Pelagie Islands, Allies gain control of all islands between Sicily and Tunisia.
In 1943, Royal Air Force makes first shuttle-bombing raid between England and North Africa.
In 1943, the U.S.S. Cod, the Gato-class submarine now on display in Cleveland, is commissioned.
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force makes its first large-scale daylight raid on Ruhr area.
In 1943, Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg.
In 1943, U.S. forces land in New Guinea and raided the Solomon Islands.
In 1943, Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping).
In 1943, Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126.
In 1943, Lt Charles Hall, becomes first black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane.
In 1943, Liberator bombers sinks U-628.
In 1943, Battle of Kursk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks).
In 1943, Germans begin last offensive against Kursk.
= Germans launch offensive against Kursk salient.
In 1943, Operation CITADEL begins. At Kursk, the largest tank battle in history takes place. 2700 German tanks and assault guns are arrayed against nearly 4000 Russian. It is greatest collection of Wehrmarcht power yet, and most German generals felt nothing could stop it. But they had given up their greatest asset, their one true advantage over the Red Army. Their strength was always in their ability to out manoeuver, not out slug, the Russian. This mistake would cost them dearly.
In 1943, Liberator bombers sinks U-535.
In 1943, US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily.
In 1943, US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched.
In 1943, second day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed .
In 1943, Libera tor bombers sinks U-517.
In 1943, third day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova.
In 1943, British air raid sinks U-232.
In 1943, (thru the next day), Allies land in Sicily.
= Allied forces invade Sicily.
In 1943, British air raid sinks U-435.
In 1943, German Kursk offensive is checked.
In 1943, during World War II, the U.S., British, Canadian and French troops invaded Sicily, Italy (Operation Husky).
In 1943, Due to heavy losses and slow progress by the Panzers, Hoth is obligated to commit his reserves to the battle. They are merely chewed up along with hundreds of other German and Russian tanks.
In 1943, US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily.
In 1943, US 82nd Airborne division shot at, by "friendly fire" in Sicily.
In 1943, Russians open major offensive against Orel salient.
In 1943, Tank battle at Prochorowka - Russians beat Nazis, about 12,000 die.
In 1943, the biggest tank battle in history ends on the Eastern Front, the Russian army the victor.
In 1943, Hitler calls and end to CITADEL. Both sides suffered extremely heavy losses of tanks. But the Russians could make up their losses in a few months production. The Wehrmarcht would never again assemble a force capable of taking the initiative back from the Red Army.
In 1943, in World War II, 700 U.S. planes dropped hundreds of tons of bombs on marshalling yards of San Lorenzo and Littorio in Italy (spared for 4 years because of its religious significance).
In 1943, The Red Army begins a counter offensive at Kursk. From here on, the Russians slowly grind the Wehrmarcht under their feet, and relentlessly advance toward the German border, and victory.
In 1943, American forces led by General George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.
In 1943, Soviet offensive spreads across entire front.
In 1943, United States Seventh Army takes Palermo, Sicily.
In 1943, Battle of Kursk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks).
In 1943, Operation Gomorrah, the concentrated heavy bombing of Hamburg by the allies, began (20,000 dead).
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force makes its first raid on Norway.
In 1943, (thru the next day), Mussolini arrested and Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies.
In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest. (However, Mussolini was later rescued by the Nazis, and re-asserted his authority.).
In 1943, RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam.
In 1943, 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record).
In 1943, (thru the next day), Allied air raid causes firestorm in Hamburg.
In 1943, President Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing d uring WWII. Wake up and smell the coffee!
In 1943, Mass, low-level American air raid is made on Ploesti, Romania.
In 1943, Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383.
In 1943, General Patton had a bad day this day. He slapped and kicked U.S. Army Private C.H. Kuhl.
In 1943, Lieutenant (j.g.) John F. Kennedy had a bad day this day, too. His "PT 109", with the future President of the U.S. on board, was rammed and sunk by the Japanese destroyer, "Amigiri". Kennedy suffered a back injury that plagued him for the rest of his life. The story of the "PT 109" was told in Hollywood style in the 1963 movie, "PT 109", starring Cliff Robertson as JFK.
In 1943, RAF bombs Hamburg.
In 1943, a U.S. Navy patrol torpedo boat, PT-109, under the command of Lt. John F. Kennedy, sank after being seared in two by a Japanese d estroyer off the Solomon Islands. The survivors managed to swim to an unoccupied island, where they were later rescued. Kennedy, credited with saving at least one of the crew, was acclaimed as a World War II hero.
In 1943, During World War II, General George S. Patton slapped and verbally abused Private Charles Herman Kuhl of Mishawaka, Indiana, at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice. Patton was later ordered by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize for this and a second, similar episode that occurred a week later.
In 1943, Rosalie Thorne was the first woman awarded the U.S. Navy expert pistol shot medal.
In 1943, USAF bombs Germans in Troina.
In 1943, Russians capture Orel and Belgorod.
In 1943, Gen Patton calls inju red soldier "cowardly".
In 1943, Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots.
In 1943, Royal Air Force attacks German V-weapons experimental center at Peenemunde.
In 1943, US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17O at attack on Regensburg/Schweinfurt.
= United States Eighth Air Force raids Schweinfurt and Regensburg
In 1943, US troops under Gen Patton over run Messina.
= American and British forces converge at Messina, Sicily
In 1943, the Allied conquest of Sicily was completed as U.S., then British, forces entered Messina.
In 1943, Japan evacuated its last North American foothold in the Pacific War - the Aleutian island of Kiska.
In 1943, Germans evacuate Kharkov; Russians attack heavily on Mius River front.
In 1943, Red army recaptures Charkow.
In 1943, Lord Mountbatten named Supreme Allied Commander in Asia.
In 1943, U.S. forces overran New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II.
In 1943, Universal strike against nazi-occupiers in Denmark.
In 1943, in a response to a Nazi clampdown, Danish warships were scuttled at Cop enhagen in a WW II uprising against the Nazis.
In 1943, British Eighth Army forces, crossing from Sicily, land on Italian coast; Italian government signs secret armistice (effective Sept. 8).
In 1943, the British eighth Army invaded Italy at Messina during World War I I, the same day the Italians signed a secret armistice with the Allies announced five days later.
In 1943, during World War II, Gen. Dwight E. Eisenhower publicly announced Italy's surrender (they had signed a secret surrender five days earlier), a decision denounced by Nazi Germany as a cowardly act.
In 1943, Italian armistice is announced; Italian Fleet and aircraft surrender to Allies.
In 1943, British amphibious assault seizes Taranto; Allied forces land at Salerno.
In 1943, in World War II, Allied forces under U.S. Lieutenant General Mark Clark made amphibious landings at the Salerno beachhead. The port of Naples was their ultimate target.
In 1943, British eighth army occupies Tarente.
In 1943, German counterattacks begin in Salerno area.
In 1943, during World War II, German paratroopers took Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he was being held by the Italian government.
In 1943, German counterattacks seriously threaten Salerno beachhead.
In 1943, German Salerno attacks are contained.
In 1943, Germans begin fighting withdrawal from Salerno front.
In 1943, Russians take Bryansk.
In 1943, Allies occupy Sardinia, following German evacuation.
In 1943, Germans evacuate Smolensk and Yaroslavl.
In 1943, In World War II the Russians liberated Smolensk, one of the most important bastions still left to the Germans in Russia.
In 1943, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off Malta.
In 1943, Allied forces captured Naples during World War II.
In 1943, Germans seize Kos, site of only Allied air base in Aegean Sea; Allied forces gain control of Corsica.
In 1943, United States Fifth Army reaches Volturno River in Italy.
In 1943, US bombers accidentally strike Enschede Neth, causing 151 deaths.
In 1943, United States Fifth Army carries out assault crossing of Volturno River.
In 1943, during World War II, Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.
In 1943, 400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland.
In 1943, U.S. 8th Air Force fights the most savage air battle ever fought, Mission #115, the raid on Schweinfurt, known as "Black Thursday" (65 bombers and 650 American airmen downed).
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force raids Schweinfurt ball-bearing plants.
In 1943, Liberators sink U-540 & U-631.
In 1943, US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island.
In 1943, during World War II, the foreign ministers of the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain opened a conference in Moscow to discuss broad principles of cooperation between the countries.
In 1943, 3 allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3.
In 1943, Soviet offensive against the Crimea makes progress.
In 1943, US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island.
In 1943, the 3rd Marine Division lands on Bougainville and, relieved by the Army's 37th Infantry Division, captures it tw o years later.
In 1943, United States Fifth Army begins assault against Winter Line in Italy.
In 1943, Germans evacuate Kiev.
In 1943, Stalin says: "The issue of German fascism is lost".
In 1943, US air raid on Rabaul.
In 1943, Russians capture Zhitomir.
In 1943, Germans launch counterattack in Zhitomir area (recapture city Nov. 19).
In 1943, Attack on Winter Line is halted for regrouping.
In 1943, 444 British bombers attack Berlin.
In 1943, U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean.
In 1943, American forces land on Tarawa and Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Is. The Marines land on Beach Red on Betio, the largest island of the Tarawa Atoll and the bloodi est beachhead in Marine history.
In 1943, British Eighth Army attacks on Sangro River front in Italy.
In 1943, Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and China's Chiang Kai- Shek agreed at Cairo, Egypt, on measures to defeat Japan in World War II.
In 1943, RAF begins air bombing of Berlin.
In 1943, US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island.
In 1943, British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation.
In 1943, during World War II, U.S. forces seized control of Tarawa and Makin atolls from the Japanese during the Central Pacific offensive in the Gilbert Islands.
In 1943, first printing of illegal "Warheid".
In 1943, Germans evacuate Gomel.
In 1943, the HMS Rohna becomes the first ship ever to be sunk by a guided missile (a German Henschel Hs. 293), killi ng 1,015 U.S. troops (America's greatest naval loss of life in a single incident).
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran to map out strategy during World War II.
In 1943, U-86 sinks in Atlantic Ocean.
In 1943, US aircraft carrier Hornet launched.
In 1943, as part of the war effort, coffee rationing begins.
In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference. The U.S. and British leaders agreed to make the liberation of France their top prioroity, while the Soviets promised to enter the war against Japan once Germany was defeated.
In 1943, United States Fifth Army attacks Winter Line in Liri Valley.
In 1943, Luftwaffe makes effective raid on Bari, Italy.
In 1943, Russians begin winter offensive.
In 1943, Germans evacuate San Pietro Infine, key point in Winter Line.
In 1943, near Rennert, N.C.: 72 killed in derailment and collision of two Atl antic Coast Line trains.
In 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Mini ster Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Chek agreed at a Cairo meeting on measures to defeat Japan in World War II.
In 1943, The Corvina becomes the first U.S. submarine sunk by an enemy submarine.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed General Dwight D. Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied Forces as part of Operation Overlord, a plan to invade Europe in W.W. II.
United States Eighth Air Force makes major effort against German secret weapon sites.
In 1943, German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea.