1943 January

January 2nd
In 1943, German troops in Caucasus area begin withdrawing northward through Rostov.
January 4th
In 1943, Soviet dictator Josef Stalin appeared on the cover of Time as the magazine's 1942 Man of the Year.
January 8th
In 1943, Paulus' 6th Army refuses the Russian demand to surrender.
January 10th
In 1943, Russians begin attack against Stalingrad pocket.
In 1943, Soviets begin offensive against Germans in Stalingrad.
January 12th
In 1943, Russians attempt to raise siege of Leningrad.
January 13th
In 1943, Hitler declares "Total War".
In 1943, US infantry captures Galloping Horse-Hill Guadalcanal.
January 14th
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill began ten days of meetings in a wartime conference in Casablanca to discuss strategy for World War II.
January 15th
In 1943, work was completed on the Pentagon, headqu arters of the United States Department of Defense. The Pentagon, located just outside Washington, D.C. in Arlington, VA, was built in 16 months at a cost of $83 million. 1,000 workers complete the air conditioning system for the Pentagon.
January 16th
In 1943, Berlin is raided by Royal Air Force for the first time since Nov. 7, 1941.
January 17th
In 1943, It's Tin Can Drive Day -- an effort to conserve for the war.
January 18th
In 1943, a wartime ban on the sale of pre-sliced bread in the United States -- aimed at reducing bakeries' demand for metal replacement parts -- went into effect.
In 1943, during World War II, the Soviets announced they'd broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad.
= Russians reopen land communications with Leningrad.
In 1943, Germans open limited offensive in Tunisia.
In 1943, Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto begin resistance of Nazis.
January 19th
In 1943, Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily.
January 21st
In 1943, Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport in Stalingrad.
January 22nd
In 1943, Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th.
In 1943, Temperature rises 49 degrees F in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD. (****)
In 1943, 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, Calif (state record).
January 23rd
In 1943, 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record).
In 1943, British Eighth Army occupies Tripoli.
In 1943, Germans break off Tunisian offensive.
January 24th
In 1943, Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill concluded a wartime conf erence in Casablanca, Morrocco.
January 27th
In 1943, the first all-American air raid against Germany during World War II took place as some 50 bombers struck Wilhelmshaven.
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force bombs Wilhelmshaven in its first attack on Germany.
January 28th
In 1943, the Japanese-American, all-volunteer "Go For Broke" Army unit, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, is organized.
January 30th
In 1943, Hitler promotes Paulus to Field Marshal in hopes of stiffening his resolve to fight on. He fails.
January 31st
In 1943, 39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton).
In 1943, Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad.
= Paulus surrenders the remnants of the 6th Army. 100,000 are already casualties, 110,000 march into captivity. It is the greatest Russian victory of the war, and the tide now turns.

1943 February

February 1st
In 1943, one of America's most highly decorated military units of World War II, the 442d Regimental Combat Team, made up almost entirely of Japanese-Americans, was authorized.
February 2nd
In 1943, Last elements of German Sixth Army surrender at Stalingrad; Russian spearheads push energetically toward Rostov, Kharkov and Kursk.
In 1943, the remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the Soviets in World War II.
February 3rd
In 1943, Liquor is banned from all U.S. Army establishments.
In 1943, during World War II, the U.S. transport ship Dorchester sank after being hit by a torpedo. Four Army chaplains gave their life belts to four other men, and went down with the ship.
February 4th
In 1943, British Eighth Army crosses into Tunisia from Libya.
February 6th
In 1943, a Los Angeles jury acquitted actor Errol Flynn of three counts of statutory rape.
In 1943, The Red Army reaches the Sea of Azov, cutting off German Army Group A.
February 8th
In 1943, Russians capture Kursk.
February 9th
In 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry.
In 1943, the World War II battle of Guadalcanal in the southwest Pacific ended with a U.S. victory over Japanese forces, who were forced to evacuate.
February 10th
In 1943, eighth Army sweeps thr ough North Africa to Tunisia.
February 13th
In 1943, the Women's Marine Corps was created.
February 14th
In 1943, German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia.
In 1943, Germans launch spoiling offensive against United States 2d Corps in Tunisia.
In 1943, Russians capture Rostov.
February 16th
In 1943, Russians capture Kharkov.
In 1943, Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22.
In 1943, -32 degrees F (-36 degrees C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record).
February 19th
In 1943, German tank battle under Brig-Gen Buelowius in Tunisia.
February 20th
In 1943, New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico).
In 1943, Rommel breaks through Kasserine Pass in Tunisia.
February 21st
In 1943, Germans launch counteroffensive toward Kharkov.
February 22nd
In 1943, Rommel begins to withdraw through Kasserine Pass. Manstein's counteroffensive began from south.
February 23rd
In 1943, German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia.
February 25th
In 1943, U.S. troops reoccupied the Kasserine Pass.
February 28th
In 1943, 63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month.

1943 March

March 2nd
In 1943, the World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea began as American and Australian warplanes intercepted a Japanese convoy that was enroute to Lae, New Guinea. Most of the 16-vessel convoy was destroyed and 3,000 men killed.
March 3rd
In 1943, Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die.
In 1943, U.S. won the Battle of Bismark Sea over Japan.
March 4th
In 1943, the 3-day Battle of the Bismarch Sea ends as a major U.S. victory in the Pacific, sinking a convoy of 22 Japanese ships.
March 5th
In 1943, RAF bombs Essen Germany.
March 6th
In 1943, Battle at Medenine, North-Africa: Rommels assault attack .
In 1943, Rommel is repulsed in attack on British Eighth Army near Medenine.
March 7th
In 1943, Gen-major Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia.
March 8th
In 1943, 335 alli ed bombers attack Neurenberg.
March 12th
In 1943, Russians capture Vyazma.
In 1943, Soviet troops liberate Wjasma.
March 13th
In 1943, Hitler escapes an assignation attempt when a parcel bomb on the planes he is flying in fails to detonate.
March 14th
In 1943, Germans complete recapture of Kharkov.
March 15th
In 1943, Allied reconnaissance flight over Java.
March 16th
In 1943, (thru the 20th), Battle of Atlantic climaxes with 27 merchant ships sunk by German U-boats.
March 17th
In 1943, Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks.
In 1943, United States 2d Corps begins offensive in Tunisia.
March 19th
In 1943, Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks.
March 20th
In 1943, British Eighth Army attacks Mareth Line.
In 1943, German U-384 bombed & sinks.
March 21st
In 1943, Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
In 1943, British eighth army opens assault on Marethlinie, Tunisia.
In 1943, the U.S.S. Cod, the Gato-class submarine now on display in Cleveland, is launched at Groton, Conn. (The sub was on patrol in the Pacific by October 1943.).
March 23rd
In 1943, German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia.
March 26th
In 1943, Elsie S. Ott is the first woman awarded the U.S. Air Force Medal at Bowman Field, Kentucky.
March 27th
In 1943, Enveloping attack by British Eighth Army forces Germans to evacuate Mareth Line and retire northward.
March 29th
In 1943, meat, butter & cheese were rationed in U.S. during WW II.
March 31st
In 1943, U S errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326.
The Russians press forward on all fronts. However, they find offensive maneuvers much more difficult to support than defensive. Their supply line now increase, rather than decrease in length, hampering operations.

1943 April

April 5th
In 1943, Allies bombs Mortsel.
April 6th
In 1943, The British and the U.S. arm ies link up after Rommel's retreat in North Africa.
April 7th
In 1943, British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia.
In 1943, Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid.
April 16th
In 1943, 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed).
April 19th
In 1943, tens of thousands of Jews living in the Warsaw ghetto began a futile but valiant battle against Nazi occupation forces. Although the Nazis were initially surprised, they were able to crush the resistance in a month.
April 22nd
In 1943, German counter attack in North-Tunisia.
In 1943, the RAF shot down 14 German transport planes over the Mediterranean Sea.
April 23rd
In 1943, British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta.
In 1943, British-United States staff is established in England under Lt. Gen. Sir Frederick E. Morgan to plan invasion of northwestern Europe.
As Guderian gathers Panzer forces behind the lines for an offensive, Germany's high command debates how to proceed. Manstein argues for a "backhand" attack that would allow the Red Army to press forward into the Donetz Basin. He wanted to let them put their head in a noose" so he could deliver the decisive counter blow on their flank. Hitler squashed this plan as too politically risky (he didn't want to give that much ground.)

1943 May

May 4th
In 1943, Final Allied offensive opens in Tunisia.
May 7th
In 1943, Bizerte, Tunisia, is captured by American troops; the British take Tunis.In 1945, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters in Rheims, France, that was to take effect the following day, ending the European stage of World War II.
May 11th
In 1943, during World War II, American forces landed on Japanese-held Attu island in the Aleutians. (The territory was retaken in three weeks.)
May 12th
In 1943, Axis forces in North Africa surrendered to the Allies during World War II.
May 13th
In 1943, German and Italian troops surrender in North Africa; the desert war in North Africa ends.
In 1943, German occupiers confiscate all radios.
In 1943, Last Axis forces surrender in Tunisia.
May 15th
In 1943, Halifax bombers sinks U-463.
May 16th
In 1943, Bomb dropped on Mohne & Eder dams in Ruhr Germany[dup].
In 1943, resistance in the Jewish Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting.
May 16-17th
In 1943, Royal Air Force raid breaches Mohne and Eder dams, flooding portions of the Ruhr.
May 18th
In 1943, Air offensive begins against Pantelleria Island to clear way for invasion of Sicily.
May 19th
In 1943, in an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country's full support in the war against Japan.
May 22nd
In 1943, the first operatio nal jet fighter was tested as a test flight of the German Me262 flew on this date as the only operational jet during WWII.
May 24th
In 1943, Admiral Donitz stops U- boat in Atlantic Ocean.
In 1943, U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje.
May 30th
In 1943, American forces secured the Aleutian island of Attu from the Japanese during World War II.
Hitler decides on an offensive at the Kursk salient (i.e. a bulge in the front line.) He gathers nearly all his remaining Panzer strength for a decisive attack. However, against Manstein's advise, he decides to postpone the attack until July when the new Panther tank will be available. The delay allows the Red Army to create successive line of anti-tank defenses in front of Kursk.

1943 June

June 1st
In 1943, a civilian flight from Lisbon to London was shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all those aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.
June 11th
In 1943, Pantelleria surrenders unconditionally.
June 14th
In 1943, With occupation of Lampione in Pelagie Islands, Allies gain control of all islands between Sicily and Tunisia.
June 20th
In 1943, Royal Air Force makes first shuttle-bombing raid between England and North Africa.
June 21st
In 1943, the U.S.S. Cod, the Gato-class submarine now on display in Cleveland, is commissioned.
June 22nd
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force makes its first large-scale daylight raid on Ruhr area.
June 24th
In 1943, Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg.
June 29th
In 1943, U.S. forces land in New Guinea and raided the Solomon Islands.
June 30th
In 1943, Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping).

1943 July

July 2nd
In 1943, Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126.
In 1943, Lt Charles Hall, becomes first black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane.
July 3rd
In 1943, Liberator bombers sinks U-628.
July 5th
In 1943, Battle of Kursk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks).
In 1943, Germans begin last offensive against Kursk.
= Germans launch offensive against Kursk salient.
In 1943, Operation CITADEL begins. At Kursk, the largest tank battle in history takes place. 2700 German tanks and assault guns are arrayed against nearly 4000 Russian. It is greatest collection of Wehrmarcht power yet, and most German generals felt nothing could stop it. But they had given up their greatest asset, their one true advantage over the Red Army. Their strength was always in their ability to out manoeuver, not out slug, the Russian. This mistake would cost them dearly.
In 1943, Liberator bombers sinks U-535.
In 1943, US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily.
July 6th
In 1943, US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched.
In 1943, second day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed .
July 7th
In 1943, Libera tor bombers sinks U-517.
In 1943, third day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova.
July 8th
In 1943, British air raid sinks U-232.
July 9th
In 1943, (thru the next day), Allies land in Sicily.
= Allied forces invade Sicily.
In 1943, British air raid sinks U-435.
In 1943, German Kursk offensive is checked.
July 10th
In 1943, during World War II, the U.S., British, Canadian and French troops invaded Sicily, Italy (Operation Husky).
In 1943, Due to heavy losses and slow progress by the Panzers, Hoth is obligated to commit his reserves to the battle. They are merely chewed up along with hundreds of other German and Russian tanks.
July 11th
In 1943, US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily.
In 1943, US 82nd Airborne division shot at, by "friendly fire" in Sicily.
July 12th
In 1943, Russians open major offensive against Orel salient.
In 1943, Tank battle at Prochorowka - Russians beat Nazis, about 12,000 die.
July 13th
In 1943, the biggest tank battle in history ends on the Eastern Front, the Russian army the victor.
In 1943, Hitler calls and end to CITADEL. Both sides suffered extremely heavy losses of tanks. But the Russians could make up their losses in a few months production. The Wehrmarcht would never again assemble a force capable of taking the initiative back from the Red Army.
July 19th
In 1943, in World War II, 700 U.S. planes dropped hundreds of tons of bombs on marshalling yards of San Lorenzo and Littorio in Italy (spared for 4 years because of its religious significance).
In 1943, The Red Army begins a counter offensive at Kursk. From here on, the Russians slowly grind the Wehrmarcht under their feet, and relentlessly advance toward the German border, and victory.
July 22nd
In 1943, American forces led by General George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily.
In 1943, Soviet offensive spreads across entire front.
In 1943, United States Seventh Army takes Palermo, Sicily.
July 23rd
In 1943, Battle of Kursk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks).
July 24th
In 1943, Operation Gomorrah, the concentrated heavy bombing of Hamburg by the allies, began (20,000 dead).
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force makes its first raid on Norway.
July 25th
In 1943, (thru the next day), Mussolini arrested and Fascist government falls; Marshal Pietro Badoglio takes over and negotiates with Allies.
In 1943, Benito Mussolini was dismissed as premier of Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III, and placed under arrest. (However, Mussolini was later rescued by the Nazis, and re-asserted his authority.).
In 1943, RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam.
July 26th
In 1943, 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record).
July 27th
In 1943, (thru the next day), Allied air raid causes firestorm in Hamburg.
July 28th
In 1943, President Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing d uring WWII. Wake up and smell the coffee!

1943 August

August 1st
In 1943, Mass, low-level American air raid is made on Ploesti, Romania.
In 1943, Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383.
August 2nd
In 1943, General Patton had a bad day this day. He slapped and kicked U.S. Army Private C.H. Kuhl.
In 1943, Lieutenant (j.g.) John F. Kennedy had a bad day this day, too. His "PT 109", with the future President of the U.S. on board, was rammed and sunk by the Japanese destroyer, "Amigiri". Kennedy suffered a back injury that plagued him for the rest of his life. The story of the "PT 109" was told in Hollywood style in the 1963 movie, "PT 109", starring Cliff Robertson as JFK.
In 1943, RAF bombs Hamburg.
In 1943, a U.S. Navy patrol torpedo boat, PT-109, under the command of Lt. John F. Kennedy, sank after being seared in two by a Japanese d estroyer off the Solomon Islands. The survivors managed to swim to an unoccupied island, where they were later rescued. Kennedy, credited with saving at least one of the crew, was acclaimed as a World War II hero.
August 3rd
In 1943, During World War II, General George S. Patton slapped and verbally abused Private Charles Herman Kuhl of Mishawaka, Indiana, at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice. Patton was later ordered by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize for this and a second, similar episode that occurred a week later.
August 4th
In 1943, Rosalie Thorne was the first woman awarded the U.S. Navy expert pistol shot medal.
In 1943, USAF bombs Germans in Troina.
August 5th
In 1943, Russians capture Orel and Belgorod.
August 10th
In 1943, Gen Patton calls inju red soldier "cowardly".
In 1943, Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots.
August 17th
In 1943, Royal Air Force attacks German V-weapons experimental center at Peenemunde.
In 1943, US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17O at attack on Regensburg/Schweinfurt.
= United States Eighth Air Force raids Schweinfurt and Regensburg
In 1943, US troops under Gen Patton over run Messina.
= American and British forces converge at Messina, Sicily
In 1943, the Allied conquest of Sicily was completed as U.S., then British, forces entered Messina.
August 21st
In 1943, Japan evacuated its last North American foothold in the Pacific War - the Aleutian island of Kiska.
August 23rd
In 1943, Germans evacuate Kharkov; Russians attack heavily on Mius River front.
In 1943, Red army recaptures Charkow.
August 25th
In 1943, Lord Mountbatten named Supreme Allied Commander in Asia.
In 1943, U.S. forces overran New Georgia in the Solomon Islands during World War II.
August 28th
In 1943, Universal strike against nazi-occupiers in Denmark.
August 29th
In 1943, in a response to a Nazi clampdown, Danish warships were scuttled at Cop enhagen in a WW II uprising against the Nazis.

1943 September

September 3rd
In 1943, British Eighth Army forces, crossing from Sicily, land on Italian coast; Italian government signs secret armistice (effective Sept. 8).
In 1943, the British eighth Army invaded Italy at Messina during World War I I, the same day the Italians signed a secret armistice with the Allies announced five days later.
September 8th
In 1943, during World War II, Gen. Dwight E. Eisenhower publicly announced Italy's surrender (they had signed a secret surrender five days earlier), a decision denounced by Nazi Germany as a cowardly act.
In 1943, Italian armistice is announced; Italian Fleet and aircraft surrender to Allies.
September 9th
In 1943, British amphibious assault seizes Taranto; Allied forces land at Salerno.
In 1943, in World War II, Allied forces under U.S. Lieutenant General Mark Clark made amphibious landings at the Salerno beachhead. The port of Naples was their ultimate target.
September 10th
In 1943, British eighth army occupies Tarente.
September 11th
In 1943, German counterattacks begin in Salerno area.
September 12th
In 1943, during World War II, German paratroopers took Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he was being held by the Italian government.
September 13th
In 1943, German counterattacks seriously threaten Salerno beachhead.
September 14th
In 1943, German Salerno attacks are contained.
September 17th
In 1943, Germans begin fighting withdrawal from Salerno front.
In 1943, Russians take Bryansk.
September 18-19th
In 1943, Allies occupy Sardinia, following German evacuation.
September 24th
In 1943, Germans evacuate Smolensk and Yaroslavl.
September 25th
In 1943, In World War II the Russians liberated Smolensk, one of the most important bastions still left to the Germans in Russia.
September 29th
In 1943, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio signed an armistice aboard the British ship Nelson off Malta.

1943 October

October 1st
In 1943, Allied forces captured Naples during World War II.
October 4th
In 1943, Germans seize Kos, site of only Allied air base in Aegean Sea; Allied forces gain control of Corsica.
October 6th
In 1943, United States Fifth Army reaches Volturno River in Italy.
October 10th
In 1943, US bombers accidentally strike Enschede Neth, causing 151 deaths.
October 12-13th
In 1943, United States Fifth Army carries out assault crossing of Volturno River.
October 13th
In 1943, during World War II, Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.
October 14th
In 1943, 400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland.
In 1943, U.S. 8th Air Force fights the most savage air battle ever fought, Mission #115, the raid on Schweinfurt, known as "Black Thursday" (65 bombers and 650 American airmen downed).
In 1943, United States Eighth Air Force raids Schweinfurt ball-bearing plants.
October 17th
In 1943, Liberators sink U-540 & U-631.
October 18th
In 1943, US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island.
October 19th
In 1943, during World War II, the foreign ministers of the United States, the Soviet Union and Britain opened a conference in Moscow to discuss broad principles of cooperation between the countries.
October 29th
In 1943, 3 allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3.

1943 November

November 1st
In 1943, Soviet offensive against the Crimea makes progress.
In 1943, US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island.
In 1943, the 3rd Marine Division lands on Bougainville and, relieved by the Army's 37th Infantry Division, captures it tw o years later.
November 5th
In 1943, United States Fifth Army begins assault against Winter Line in Italy.
November 6th
In 1943, Germans evacuate Kiev.
In 1943, Stalin says: "The issue of German fascism is lost".
November 11th
In 1943, US air raid on Rabaul.
November 12th
In 1943, Russians capture Zhitomir.
November 14th
In 1943, Germans launch counterattack in Zhitomir area (recapture city Nov. 19).
November 15th
In 1943, Attack on Winter Line is halted for regrouping.
November 18th
In 1943, 444 British bombers attack Berlin.
In 1943, U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean.
November 20th
In 1943, American forces land on Tarawa and Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Is. The Marines land on Beach Red on Betio, the largest island of the Tarawa Atoll and the bloodi est beachhead in Marine history.
In 1943, British Eighth Army attacks on Sangro River front in Italy.
November 22nd
In 1943, Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and China's Chiang Kai- Shek agreed at Cairo, Egypt, on measures to defeat Japan in World War II.
In 1943, RAF begins air bombing of Berlin.
In 1943, US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island.
November 23rd
In 1943, British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation.
In 1943, during World War II, U.S. forces seized control of Tarawa and Makin atolls from the Japanese during the Central Pacific offensive in the Gilbert Islands.
In 1943, first printing of illegal "Warheid".
November 26th
In 1943, Germans evacuate Gomel.
In 1943, the HMS Rohna becomes the first ship ever to be sunk by a guided missile (a German Henschel Hs. 293), killi ng 1,015 U.S. troops (America's greatest naval loss of life in a single incident).
November 28th
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran to map out strategy during World War II.
November 29th
In 1943, U-86 sinks in Atlantic Ocean.
In 1943, US aircraft carrier Hornet launched.
In 1943, as part of the war effort, coffee rationing begins.

1943 December

December 1st
In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their Tehran conference. The U.S. and British leaders agreed to make the liberation of France their top prioroity, while the Soviets promised to enter the war against Japan once Germany was defeated.
In 1943, United States Fifth Army attacks Winter Line in Liri Valley.
December 2nd
In 1943, Luftwaffe makes effective raid on Bari, Italy.
December 14th
In 1943, Russians begin winter offensive.
December 16th
In 1943, Germans evacuate San Pietro Infine, key point in Winter Line.
In 1943, near Rennert, N.C.: 72 killed in derailment and collision of two Atl antic Coast Line trains.
December 22nd
In 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Mini ster Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-Chek agreed at a Cairo meeting on measures to defeat Japan in World War II.
December 23rd
In 1943, The Corvina becomes the first U.S. submarine sunk by an enemy submarine.
December 24th
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed General Dwight D. Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied Forces as part of Operation Overlord, a plan to invade Europe in W.W. II.
United States Eighth Air Force makes major effort against German secret weapon sites.
December 27th
In 1943, German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea.

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